Sierra LeoneSierra Leone was a British colony to which freed slaves returned in the late 1700's. It was first named by the Portuguese all the way back in 1462 (Serra Lyoa–Lion Mountains).
First used by the European colonizers in its slave trade and colonized by the British since the 17th century, the country served as a place where freed British, Afro-American slaves and Jamaican Marons were allowed to settle. The country gained independence in 1961. At present, approximately 4.7 million people live in Sierra Leone. The majority of them are below 25. The country’s president is Ernest Koroma of the All People's Congress (APC) that won a surprise victory in 2007.
Sierra Leone is considered as one of the least developed and poorest countries in the world, despite it being a diamond-rich country. One of the major reasons for its poverty is the civil war that raged from 1991 up to 2001.